Below are answers to questions we often receive. If you have a question, post it to our message board. We cull from this board to add to our FAQs list. Transferware is the term given to pottery that has had a pattern applied by transferring the print from a copper plate to a specially sized paper and finally to the pottery body. While produced primarily on earthenware, transfer prints are also found on ironstone, porcelain and bone china.
Pottery identification is a valuable aid to dating of archaeological sites. Pottery is usually the if there is less iron. Clay with a high chalk content will turn white.
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Nanjing Museum. Under the Ming Emperors Chinese art blossomed, and large amounts of porcelain was exported to Europe, where scientists tried unsuccessfully to copy it. For more about traditional Chinese arts and crafts, see:. Indianapolis Museum of Art.
And it is also associated with a style of porcelain design – Blue Ware was a As porcelain makers began using the Devonshire white clay their porcelain.
A look at English, American and Continental Victorian majolica and faience from a historical, aesthetic and collectible point of view. Good to know Chinese Porcelain – Qing Dynasty. Shop for—and learn—about vintage and antiques. Browse the best of eBay, connect with other collectors, and explore the history behind your favorite finds.
A site which provides useful information on Yaozhou greenware. During the Kangxi period, the habit of adding reign marks on porcelain not commissioned by the emperor are known to have been addressed and forbidden by public edicts. It is likely that this is an example of one of these period but not Imperial marks that these regulations was aimed at quelling. It is also worth pondering of this mark is not written by the same person as the above, but just a little bit faster.
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Blue and white pottery
However, a flow blue example of this pattern, Pastoral, was sold in and bore the mark, “J. & T. F. Pastoral”. Picture. Furnival & Wear.
The history of printing on ceramics is an evolving story. Until recently, it had been thought that the process was invented in England. Evidence has now been discovered that shows that it was first used in Italy. The earliest use of transfer printing in England was probably at Birmingham about There it was initially used on enamels. The first English porcelain factory to use printed decoration on a commercial scale was Worcester, although some of the earliest printing on Worcester porcelain, dating from about , may have been carried out in Birmingham rather than at the factory.
Many of the engraved copper plates used to print on early Worcester porcelain were supplied by Robert Hancock but his printing plates were also used to decorate Bow and Chinese porcelain. Underglaze printing, initially only possible in blue, was introduced at Worcester about or The pearlware potters then began to undercut the porcelain factories as producers of blue and white ceramics.
Liverpool was an early center for ceramic printing, beginning in about Initially, this was on locally made delftware tiles. Printing on creamware did not remain a monopoly of Liverpool for long.
The decoration is commonly applied by hand, originally by brush painting, but nowadays by stencilling or by transfer-printing , though other methods of application have also been used. The cobalt pigment is one of the very few that can withstand the highest firing temperatures that are required, in particular for porcelain , which partly accounts for its long-lasting popularity. Historically, many other colours required overglaze decoration and then a second firing at a lower temperature to fix that.
The origin of this decorative style is thought to lie in Iraq , when craftsmen in Basra sought to imitate imported white Chinese stoneware with their own tin-glazed, white pottery and added decorative motifs in blue glazes. Later, in China, a style of decoration based on sinuous plant forms spreading across the object was perfected and most commonly used.
A 19th Century Blue & White Transfer Ware Fallow Deer Pattern Tureen. £ Vintage Art Deco Royal Art Pottery England Large Hollyhock Design Jug Vase •
Here we have a stunning matched pair of Royal Royal vases in a flow blue style, manufactured in a tapered hexagonal ovoid form on a raised hexagonal pedestal foot with matching hexagonal rim. Both vases beautifully decorated with four panels. One vase depicting a harbour scene, the other a figural landscape scene and each vase with a smaller pottery scene. All within foliate scroll borders and set against a beautiful background of floral dating on a royal blue white ground. Both dating these good quality Royal Bonn vases bear dating Franz Anton Mehlem base mark together with various pottery marks, which date them to around.
Both royal stand 31cm tall on 10cm wide foot rims and have 9cm wide dating with an.
As with anything attractive, there are many copies of the famous Delft blue porcelain that have been made over the years. This distinctive blue and white pottery often depicts scenes from Holland, but back in the old days had a more botanical feel, with tiles, spoons, pitchers, and bowls bearing all kinds of designs. Today, many of the Delft pieces most commonly found in stores are of the tourist variety — sold for a quick buck without the true hallmarks of traditional Delftware.
In the s the Dutch explorers brought in wealth and a variety of products for the nation, which made them a world-class trading partner for other European countries. All of these products held up well over long voyages and were soon considered indispensable for the well-to-do in Europe, the Middle East, and even in the Americas.
What made Dutch pottery so special was that the tea culture in Europe had not yet evolved and at the time the Dutch were some of the few making teacups and the proper paraphenalia whith which to drink tea.
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Under-glaze, transfer printed blue and white ware was, and still is, a staple product of the UK pottery industry. The pattern has a fascinating history. Its origins, however are even older and tradition has it that the pattern was brought to Europe from China or Japan at some time in the late 18 th Century. Frantz Heinrich Muller first produced the pattern at his pottery in Copenhagen at some time between and After establishing his pottery he travelled to Germany and recruited skilled workers from the Meissen factories.
Muller was a chemist and his contribution may have been the development of the characteristic ultramarine blue used on the wares.
A beginner’s guide to collecting Chinese ceramics
When the country had recovered from these internecine struggles, pottery art took a new lease of life, though under somewhat changed conditions. The Song wares went out of favour, and the old factories sank into obscurity, while the fame and importance of the great porcelain town of Jingdezhen, near the Boyang Lake in Jiangxi province, overshadowed all the rest.
The imperial factory there was rebuilt and reorganized to keep the court supplied with the new porcelain.
RARE BLUE & WHITE MINTON MINIATURE SERIES “LANERCOST PRIORY” MEAT DISH C | Pottery, Porcelain & Glass, Date-Lined Ceramics.
Porcelain production began in Japan in the early seventeenth century, several hundred years after it had first been made in China during the Tang dynasty — This refined white ceramic requires more advanced technology than other ceramic types. The vessels are fired at very high temperatures so that they are strong and vitrified, as opposed to low-fired earthenware, which is porous and easily breakable. Unlike stoneware, which is high-fired but can be made from many different types of clay, porcelain is made from a specific clay mixture that includes a soft, white variety called kaolin.
The smooth, semi-translucent surface of porcelain is ideal for painting delicate designs, and has been prized in both the East and West. The Japanese porcelain industry was actually pioneered by Korean potters living in Japan. Many of them came to Japan during two invasions of Korea led by Toyotomi Hideyoshi in the s.
An appreciation of Korean ceramics had recently developed in Japan, and many of the feudal lords who accompanied Hideyoshi brought back Korean potters to build up the ceramic industry in their territories These potters would eventually become the first producers of porcelain in Japan, but they started out by reviving the production of a type of stoneware called Karatsu ware The potters also introduced a new type of kiln to Japan, the noborigama , or climbing kiln, which allows for greater precision during firing.
Therefore, when in the early seventeenth century the Korean potters living in the Arita district of Hizen found suitable clay for the manufacture of porcelain, the infrastructure for its production was already in place. The Hizen region thus became the major center of porcelain production in Japan. The first porcelain made in Japan by these Korean potters is known as early Imari Most early Imari pieces feature designs painted in cobalt blue on a white ground, then coated in a transparent glaze, in the style known as underglaze blue